A new report released by the National Center for Health Services of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has confirmed that fentanyl is the deadliest drug in the United States, responsible for more overdoses than any other substance.
The CDC report considered and calculated drug overdose deaths involving the 10 most frequently mentioned drugs found in information from death certificates. It also considered deaths involving more than one drug.
Fentanyl tops the list for drug overdoses
The CDC look at reports of all overdose deaths that occurred between 2011 in 2016, finding that fentanyl was involved in nearly 29 percent of them. That number has risen year after year.
In 2011, fentanyl made up only 4 percent of all drug fatalities. At that time, the prescription pain medication oxycodone was responsible for the most drug overdose deaths at 13 percent. But now, fentanyl-linked fatalities have increased sevenfold, involved in over 18,000 overdose deaths in 2016.
2012-2015: Heroin was previous king of overdoses
Between the years of 2012 and 2015, the drug most frequently involved in overdose deaths was heroin. In 2011, heroin was responsible for 11 percent of drug fatalities, with 4,571 overdoses that year.
But by 2016, the number of heroin overdose fatalities had more than tripled to 5,961 deaths, responsible for 25% of all drug overdoses that year.
The top 10 overdose drugs
Here is a list of the top ten drugs during the study period of 2011-2016 that were mentioned most often in death certificates.
These substances fall into three classes of drugs:
- Opioids such as fentanyl, heroin, hydrocodone, methadone, morphine and oxycodone
- Benzodiazepines such as alprazolam and diazepam
- Stimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamines
Multi-drug overdose cocktails
More and more, the CDC report has unveiled that most drug overdose fatalities are a result of a combination of drugs.
Here are the statistics:
- 2 in 5 cocaine-related overdose deaths involved fentanyl in 2016.
- One-third of fentanyl-related overdoses involve heroin.
- Over 25% of meth-related fatal overdoses involve heroin.
- Heroin mixed with another drug was responsible for 18,000 overdose deaths in 2016.
Alarming, escalating rise and total drug overdoses in the US
The CDC report noted that, each year between 2011 and 2016, the total number of drug overdoses jumped by 54 percent each year. In 2016, there were 63,632 deaths from drug overdoses.
Methodology of the study
The CDC report looked at the drugs involved in drug overdose deaths that occurred in the United States between 2011 through 2016. The study examined data which examined mortality files from the 2011-2016 National Vital Statistics System, which contain literal text information from death certificates.
Drug overdose deaths were identified using the International Classification of Diseases.